There is no compulsory textbook for this unit, but I recommend that you get a copy of “An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics” by Reynolds or “An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration” by Kearey et al as they look at the material at an appropriate level. As well, “Geophysics for the Mineral Exploration Geoscientist” by Dentith and Mudge is also worthwhile. If you already have of one of the following books then that should be sufficient. All the books listed below give a good grounding in geophysics, just with a different focus
Burger, H.R., Exploration Geophysics of the Shallow Subsurface, Prentice-Hall, 1992. [TN269.B86]
Dentith M. and Mudge S.T., Geophysics for the Mineral Exploration Geoscientist, Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Gunn, P., AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 17, 1997. [QE340.A7]
Isles D.J. and Rankin L.R., Geological Interpretation of Aeromagnetic Data, ASEG, 2013 e-book
Kearey, P., Brooks, M. and Hill, I., An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration, 3rd Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 2002. [TN269.K36/2002]
Lowrie, W., Fundamentals of Geophysics, Cambridge University Press, 1997. [QC806.L67/1997]
Mussett A.E. and Khan M.A., Looking into the Earth, Cambridge, 2000. [QE501.M87/2000]
Parasnis, D.S., Principles of Applied Geophysics, 5th Edition, Chapman and Hall, 1997. [TN269.P32]
Reynolds, J.M., An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics, John Wiley & Sons, 1997. [QC808.5.R49]
Reynolds, J.M., An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics, 2nd Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. [QC808.5.R49 2011]
Sharma, P.V., Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, Cambridge University Press, 1997. [TA705.S515]
Telford, W.N., Geldart, L.P., and Sheriff, R.E., Applied Geophysics, 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, 1990. [TN269.T44]
Ward, S.H. (editor), Geotechnical and Environmental Geophysics, Vol. I-III, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, 1990. [TA705.G426]
The unit also has a WEB site which can be found through the iLearn WEBSITE at https://ilearn.mq.edu.au/login/MQ/ .
Information for students about access to online units is available at
It is important that you understand how to correctly reference the information you do use, as often you will want to legitimately quote material or ideas from other sources. Information obtained from any source, including the Internet, is covered by copyright law. You must acknowledge any source that you refer to in your assignment, both within the text of your assignment, and at the end of it (by including a list of references). Referencing your sources also enables the reader to view your sources and follow your essay. Academic conventions and copyright law require that you acknowledge when you use the ideas of others. In most cases, this means stating which book or journal article is the source of an idea or quotation.
There are two aspects to learn: in-text references and a list of references cited. Please note that for the assignments, we insist that you reference using in-text references, with a reference list at the end (ie, not with footnotes). This is a common way to do it in many areas of science (but not all!), and it reminds you and indicates to the reader what the source is and how old it is. Please use the Harvard Style of referencing.
There is much information on in-text references and referencing of print and non-print sources
How to cite references within the text of an assignment:
These are also called in-text references. When you use another's ideas you should immediately acknowledge your sources, including in figure or table captions. Always give the surname of the author and the date of publication. Use the author-date method of citation for quotations and paraphrasing. Note spelling of et al. (used when 3 or more authors; please remember the fullstop). Note that the in text refs don’t have author initials.
Direct quote: Brown et al. (1990, p. 12) conclude that ‘the depth to the Moho under the oceans is less than under the continents’. Note that for a direct quote the page must be cited.
General acknowledgement of the source of information: “As explained by Schmidt and Lackie (2014), the Q-Meter is…..”
More specific reference but not a direct quote: “The distribution of Martian volcanism in the highlands (Johnson, 2011) can be used to infer… etc.”
More general reference to sources: “Most older textbooks in geology (e.g. Peters et al., 1941; Stamp 1938) either ignored the deep ocean basin deposition or……”
Website in text: “Details about PhD scholarships are available from the Macquarie University
web site <http://www.hdr.mq.edu.au/>.”
How to create a list of references:
At the end of your assignment, create a list of the references you have cited in the text. Arrange this in alphabetical order of author’s surnames. The author's surname is placed first, followed by initials or first name, then other authors the same way, and then the year of publication is given. Where an item doesn't have an author, arrange it by its title.
Then the reference needs the paper or book title, journal (if it's a journal article), publisher (if it's a book) or url and date accessed (if it's a web page). The format should follow the Harvard style as described in these links: it is a good guide, and your references should contain the same information.
Please be very careful (a) to put in the reference list every citation from the text (including web sites) and any figure/table captions, and (b) to not put in the list references that you have not cited in the text or figure/table captions.
Reference examples: journal
Cameron, R.L., Goldich, S.S & Hottman, J.H. 1960. Radioactive age of rocks from the Windmill Islands. Budd Coast, Antarctica. Stockholm Contributions to Geology 6, 1-6.
Goodwin, I.D. 1993. Holocene deglaciation, sea level change and the emergence of the Windmill Islands, Budd Coast, Antarctica. Quaternary Research 40, 70-80.
Sandwell, D.T. & Smith, W.H.F. 1997. Marine gravity anomaly from Geosat and ERS 1 satellite altimetry. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, No B5. 10,039-10,054.
Reference example: book
Peters, K. E., Walters, C. C. and Moldowan, J. M. (2005) The Biomarker Guide, 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1155 pp.
Reference example: chapters in edited books
Einstein, A.C., Voldemort, T. M., Vader, D., 2012. How to apply evil. In: Devil, M.A. (Ed.), Handbook of Evil, Wiley, pp. 47-73.
George, S. C., Volk, H., Ahmed, M., Middleton, H., Allan, T. and Holland, D. (2004) Novel petroleum systems in Papua New Guinea indicated by terpane and methylhopane distributions. In: Boult, P. J., Johns, D. R. and Lang, S. C. (Eds), Eastern Australasian Basins Symposium II, Adelaide, 19–22 September, Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia, Special Publication, pp. 575-588.
Reference example (web site, author and date known):
Wright, S. 2004, Open area test site (OATS) development, undergraduate project, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, viewed 27 March 2011, <http://eprints.usq.edu.au/archive/00000047>.
Reference example (web site, author and date not known):
Macquarie University, NSW, viewed 12 January 2012, <http://www.hdr.mq.edu.au/>