**Classes**

**Lectures:** you should attend two hours of each lecture stream each week, making a total of four hours.

**Tutorials:** you should attend one tutorial each week.

**Required and Recommended Texts and/or Materials**

The following texts are recommended for this unit, and are available from the CO-OP Bookshop on campus, and are in the reference section of the Library.

- Stewart;
*Calculus*
- Trim:
*Calculus*
- Anton and Rorres:
*Linear Algebra and its Applications*
- David C. Lay:
*Linear Algebra and its Applications*

Other similar texts are available in the Library, and for reference in the Numeracy Centre.

Additional notes Notes for Markov chains

http://www.sosmath.com/matrix/markov/markov.html http://aix1.uottawa.ca/~jkhoury/markov.htm Most books on linear algebra with applications will cover Markov chains. Some references have the columns summing to 1, others have the rows summing to 1 (depending on which way the state table is constructed). We will adopt the convention that the future state is on the vertical axis, so the columns sum to 1.

**Technology Used and Required**

Students are expected to have access to an internet enabled computer with a web browser and Adobe Reader software. Several areas of the university provide wireless access for portable computers. There are computers for student use in the Library.

**Difficulties with your home computer or internet connection do not constitute a reasonable excuse for lateness of, or failure to submit, assessment tasks.**