SCHEDULE OF CLASSES AND REQUIRED READINGS
Note: The following are REQUIRED readings for this unit. All readings listed below are in the Unit Reader. Where more than one reading is listed priority is to be given to reading(s) marked ‘*’, but it is expected that all readings listed here will have been read by the end of the unit.
SECTION I: (WEEKS 1–5) FRAMEWORKS FOR ETHICAL REASONING
WEEK 1 (Aug 3): Introduction/overview of course. Introducing the process and principles of ethical reasoning.
*Stephen Cohen: ‘What is Ethics?
*James Rachels: ‘What is Morality?’
NOTE: NO TUTORIALS in Week 1
WEEK 2 (Aug 10): Overview of key moral theories and their applications to issues in biotechnology.
* Damian Grace and Stephen Cohen: Excerpt from Business Ethics: Problems and Cases.
* Anne Thomson: ‘Moral Principles and Moral Theories’.
NOTE: Online Discussion Exercise due: by 2pm today.
WEEK 3 (Aug 17): The role of ethics and social values in science
* E. Emanuel et al: ‘What Makes Clinical Research Ethical?’ Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Vol. 283, No. 2 (May24/31: 2701-2711.
* Glass: ‘The Ethical Basis of Science.’
WEEK 4 (Aug 24): The moral legacy of eugenics and key principles of justice in biotechnology.
* Buchanan et al: Excerpt from ‘Eugenics and Its Shadow’
* Wikler and Barondess: ‘Bioethics and Anti-Bioethics in Light of Nazi Medicine: What Must We Remember?’
Buchanan et al: Excerpt from ‘Genes, Justice and Human Nature.’
WEEK 5 (Aug 31): TIMED ONLINE TEST: Must be completed within 24 hours between 9am Thurs 31st August and 9am Fri 1 September.
NOTE: NO LECTURE OR TUTORIALS this week
SECTION II (WEEKS 6–10): GENETIC TECHNOLOGY IN THE SPHERE OF HUMAN HEALTH AND REPRODUCTION
WEEK 6 (Sept 7): Ethical issues posed by genetic screening, testing and diagnosis
* Clarke: ‘Genetic Screening and Counselling.’
* Steinbock: ‘Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and Embryo Selection.’
WEEK 7 (Sept 14): The ethics of somatic and germline genetic therapy
* Chadwick: ‘Gene Therapy.’
* Elias and Annas: ‘Somatic and Germline Gene Therapy.’
Warren: ‘The Moral Status of the Gene.’
* ESSAY 1 DEADLINE: 5pm Friday 22 September
MONDAY 18 SEPT – MONDAY 2 OCT (inclusive): MID SEMESTER BREAK
WEEK 8 (Oct 5): Guest lecture: Professor Wendy Rogers – The moral acceptability of genetic enhancement and the therapy/enhancement distinction
* Peter Singer: ‘Parental Choice and Human Improvement’.
* Ruud Ter Meulen et al: ‘Ethical Issues of Enhancement Technologies’.
David Resnik and Daniel B. Vorhaus: ‘Genetic Modification and Genetic Determinism’.
WEEK 9 (Oct 12): Stem cell research and the moral status of human embryonic stem cells.
* Harris: ‘Stem Cells, Sex and Procreation’
WEEK 10 (Oct 19): Would it be morally permissible to clone human beings?
* Brock: ‘Cloning Human Beings: An Assessment of the Ethical Issues Pro and Con.’
Holm: ‘A Life in the Shadow: One Reason Why We Should Not Clone Human Beings.’
Kass: ‘The Wisdom of Repugnance.’
SECTION III (WEEKS 11-12): THE SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
WEEK 11 (Oct 26): Ethical issues posed by commercialisation of human genetic material
* Chadwick and Hedgecoe: ‘Commercial Exploitation of the Human Genome’
Munzer: ‘Property, Patents and Genetic Material'
WEEK 12 (Nov 2): Ethical and environmental issues in food biotechnology.
*Thompson: ‘Ethical Issues in Food Biotechnology’
Altieri and Rosset: ‘Ten Reasons Why Biotechnology Will Not Ensure Food Security, Protect the Environment and Reduce Poverty in the Developing World.’
McGloughlin: ‘Ten Reasons Why Biotechnology Will Be Important to the Developing World.’ Wills: ‘Disrupting Evolution: Biotechnology’s Real Result.’
* ESSAY 2 DEADLINE: 5pm Friday 3 November
SEMESTER ENDS – EXAMINATIONS BEGIN